How to merge VCF files: 2024 Guide


“Individually, we are one drop. Together, we are an ocean.”

Ryunosuke Satoro

Why not feel inspired by a profound quote as we combine our VCF files? When you’re dealing with multiple VCFs (Virtual Contact File or vCards), each one is like a drop in the ocean of your digital contacts. Merging those individual files into one comprehensive VCF file can help you better manage your contacts and streamline your digital address book. In this post, we’ll explore why you might want to merge VCF files and provide a step-by-step guide on how to combine multiple VCF files into a single file. So, let’s dive into the world of VCF file management and discover how bringing your contacts together can make your life a little bit easier.

Tip: For more tips on managing your contacts effectively, check out our guide on how to organize your contacts to maximize business relationships.

Why Do we end up with multiple VCF Files?

The very nature of how we use and manage our digital contacts across devices, accounts, apps and backups tends to naturally result in the creation of multiple single VCF files over time.

Switching Devices – When you switch from one smartphone to another, each device may export your contacts as a separate VCF file. Over time, upgrading phones multiple times can result in a sizeable collection of these single contact files.

Multiple Accounts – Many people use multiple email accounts (Gmail, Yahoo, Outlook, etc.) and each account may store contacts in its own VCF file. Exporting contacts from these accounts individually can lead to multiple VCFs.

Social Media and Apps – Platforms like LinkedIn, Facebook, and various messaging apps allow you to export your contacts. Each of these exports results in a separate VCF file.

Manual Exports – Occasionally, you might manually export contacts from your device for backup purposes. Each export action generates a new VCF file, especially if done periodically.

Data Recovery – If you’ve ever had to recover data from a damaged or lost device, the recovery process might output contacts into multiple VCFs.

Why might we need to Merge vcf Files?

lady sitting at desk preparing to merge vcf files.

There are several key reasons and situations where combining multiple VCF (Virtual Contact File) files into a single file is beneficial:

Consolidating contacts from multiple sources

If you’ve been collecting business cards at conferences, importing contacts from LinkedIn, and saving numbers from your email exchanges, chances are you have a bunch of separate vCard files floating around. combining them into one master file makes it easier to manage and search through your contacts.

Sharing a comprehensive contact list

Whether you’re collaborating with colleagues on a project or planning a family reunion, having everyone’s contact info in one place is essential. Instead of sending out multiple files or copying and pasting information, you can simply combine vcf files and share the merged vcf with everyone who needs it.

Switching to a new contact management system

If you’re moving from one contact management app to another, you’ll want to bring all your existing contacts with you. If you Merge VCF files before importing them into the new system you don’t lose any valuable information in the transition.

Backing up your contacts

It’s always a good idea to have a backup of your contacts in case something happens to your phone or computer and to avoid any data loss. By combining your files periodically, you can create a master backup file that’s easy to store and restore from if needed.

Removing duplicates

Over time, you may end up with duplicate contacts saved in different files. Combining these files and then using a de-duplication tool can help you clean up your contact list and remove any redundant information.

So in summary, the main benefits of combining vCard files are improved organization, simplified sharing and backup, easier migration between systems, and the ability to eliminate duplicates. It’s a useful way to tidy up and streamline your digital contact management.

Tips for Merging VCF Files

Before you dive into combining your VCF’s, there are a few important considerations to keep in mind. 

Know Your vCard Versions

vCard files come in a few different flavors – versions 2.1, 3.0, and 4.0 being the most common. While they all serve the same basic purpose, each version has its own quirks and capabilities. Version 2.1 is the simplest, supporting just the basic contact info. Version 3.0 expanded on that with additional fields and multimedia support. And version 4.0, the latest and greatest, offers even more fields and better encoding for international characters. When combining VCFs, it’s best to combine files of the same version to avoid any compatibility hiccups. 

Back It Up

Before you start mashing your vCard files together, it’s always wise to create backups of the originals. Just in case something goes awry during the merge process and you need to start over. Better safe than sorry.

Test Drive Your Merged file

Once you’ve successfully combined your VCFs, don’t just assume everything went according to plan. Open up that shiny new master file in your preferred contact management app and give it a thorough once-over. Make sure all the expected contacts are there, fields are populated correctly, and there are no lingering duplicates. A quick quality check can save you headaches down the road.

Tip: Looking for a powerful contact management solution designed specifically for small businesses? Check out our contact management software to help you get your contacts in order.

Method 1: Using an Online VCF file merger tool.

When it comes to combining vCards, using an online tool can be incredibly convenient. Our favourite is VCF File Merger by Florian Chrometz. We love how it handles everything locally on your device, ensuring your contact information stays private. While it’s great that the download happens automatically, we did notice it lacks feedback on the number of files merged or confirmation of success. Despite this, it’s a straightforward and efficient method to combine your files. Here’s how you can do it:

1) Visit the VCF File Merger website

2) Highlight all of your files and drag them into the websites import box directly from a finder/explorer window. Alternatively click in the import box and an ‘Open files’ dialogue window appears/

Merging vcf files by dragging them into an import window using an online tool.

3) A merged vCard file will be downloaded to your default downloads location.

Method 2: Merge VCF files using OSX Terminal

1) Ensure all of your files are stored in a single folder on somewhere on your mac.

2) Open that folder in the terminal by right clicking it and selecting ‘New Terminal at Folder’

Combining VCF files by first opening them in OSX terminal.

3) In the terminal window that opens paste in the following command: ‘cat *.vcf > combined.vcf’

Next hit Enter

Please note you can replace the word ‘combined’ for whatever you wish the merged vCard file to be, e.g. ‘cat *.vcf > master-file.vcf’

Typing a command in terminal to merge the vcf files into one.

4) Your combined file is now outputted to the same folder the individual vcf’s are stored.

Merged vcf file is placed in the same folder that the individual vcf files are stored.

Method 3: Merge VCF files using Command line in Windows

1) Open a command prompt by pressing Win + R, type cmd, and press Enter.

2) In the Command Prompt, type cd followed by the directory path where your files are stored. You can copy and paste the path from the Explorer window.

Navigating to your vcf folder using the Windows Command Prompt.

3) Type the following command to merge vcf files, then press Enter: ‘copy *.vcf combined.vcf’

Please note you can replace ‘combined’ with your prefered name for your combined file.

Entering the merge command in cmd prompt.

4) A list of the vCard files will be listed, and you’ll receive a notification that one file has been copied.

List of vcf files are listed followed by notification that a new file has been created.

5) Navigate back to the folder where your files are stored. You will find the merged VCF file that has been combined from the individual ones.

Combined vcf file can be found in the same folder that the original vcf files are stored.


Combining multiple VCF files into one may seem like a daunting task, but with the right tools and techniques, it’s easier than you might think. Whether you’re consolidating contacts from various sources, sharing a comprehensive address book, or simply decluttering your digital life, combining your VCF files is a smart move.


How to fix errors when merging VCF files?

To troubleshoot merging issues, check each VCF file for formatting errors in a text editor. Ensure all files are the same version. Try combining smaller batches to isolate problems. If issues persist, use a dedicated VCF merge tool designed to handle inconsistencies and resolve incompatibilities automatically.

Can You Merge Encrypted VCF Files?

Combining encrypted VCF files directly is not possible. To combine password-protected VCF files:

  1. Decrypt each file individually using its encryption password.
  2. Save the decrypted files in plain, unencrypted VCF format.
  3. Merge the resulting standard VCF files using a regular merging process.
  4. Optionally re-encrypt the final merged file for protection.

Is There a Limit to the Number of VCF Files You Can Merge?

There is no hard limit, but combining a large number of VCF files can cause issues like:

Extremely large file sizes

Hitting row length limits in the VCF/BCF specification

Straining system resources

To avoid problems, merge VCFs in batches or use specialized tools for large-scale merging.

Can VCF files be edited?

Yes, VCF files can be edited using various methods:

  1. Open in a text editor like Notepad to directly modify contact details
  2. Import into contact management apps or email clients, edit, then re-export
  3. Use dedicated VCF editing tools for more advanced changes and batch processing